Flock meets us everywhere in life, and everywhere flocking is used it convinces by its velvety surface and its positive characteristics.
Although in everyday terms flocking is associated primarily with textiles, the rule for this technology is essentially that all materials can be flocked. Additionally, flocked surfaces can subsequently be further refined and finished, for example by printing or embossing, and many other methods as well. Flocking increases an objects versatility by extending its range of properties.
The base of flocking are fine textile fibres, flock. The fibres are cut by machines and also get a treatment of the surface. With this treatment the flock is electrically contucting by applying it on a product. Typical materials for flock are polyamide, viscose and polyester. Through the parallel direction of the fibres on the flocked product you receive a velvet effect in optic and haptic.
For cutting the fibres there are two employed processes:
- Precision-Cut: With this method a stagnant bundle of fibres is cut by a touch down cutter, the cutter is lifted and the bundle of fibres is forwarded to its cutting length. All fibres have exactly the samt lenght.
- Random-Cut: With this method a continuous moved bundle of fibres is cut by a rotating knife cylinder. The lenght of the fibres have a certain spread.